Allocentric egocentric updating spatial memories
It is often argued that in both humans and animals, spatial memories are summarized as a cognitive map.
Spatial memory has representations within working, short-term memory and long-term memory.
For instance, the ability to work on a complicated mathematical problem utilizes one's working memory.
One highly influential theory of WM is the Baddeley and Hitch multi-component model of working memory.
Research indicates that there are specific areas of the brain associated with spatial memory.
Many methods are used for measuring spatial memory in children, adults, and animals.
People are not only capable of learning about the spatial layout of their surroundings, but they can also piece together novel routes and new spatial relations through inference.
Yet, this field has traditionally been hampered by confounding variables, such as cost and the potential for previous exposure to an experimental environment.
A bottleneck in a person's cognitive navigational system could be disastrous, for instance if there were need for a sudden detour on a long road trip.Indeed, it would seem that a sojourning toddler's world is a place of axial lines and contrasting boundaries.Mc Namara, Hardy and Hirtle identified region membership as a major building block of anyone's cognitive map (1989).In cognitive psychology and neuroscience, spatial memory is the part of memory responsible for recording information about one's environment and spatial orientation.For example, a person's spatial memory is required in order to navigate around a familiar city, just as a rat's spatial memory is needed to learn the location of food at the end of a maze.